Delicate situations like raising performance issues with a team member require more thought and preparation than one may think. Like most workplace matters, you must ensure you make the right decision for your business while also treating underperformers respectfully and honestly.
In order to address the problem in a way that’s both compliant and fair, you must make sure you know what underperformance means.
What is underperformance?
Underperformance is when an employee’s work is below the required standards expected from the company. For example:
- The work they complete is poor quality or below expectations
- They fail to keep up with their performance targets or professional goals
- They consistently miss deadlines or have a absenteeism problems
- They are not able to contribute to their team’s work (if that’s required by their role)
Often though, noticing a team member is falling behind is not enough.
When it comes to employee performance issues, we often tend to look the other way. We hold off facing the problem until it has reached such a scale that only extreme measures, like dismissing a team member, will do.
If you think that’s the direction you’re going, stop. There are many ways you can turn this around — for the sake of your business and of your team.
In this guide, we’ll walk you through the three steps to overcoming underperformance problems — so that you can fix the immediate issue, but you also arm your team with what they need to do their best work going forward.
Underperformance or misconduct?
Underperformance and misconduct are two different things:
- Underperformance is about not meeting the standards expected.
- Misconduct is inappropriate behaviour or poor conduct that goes against HR policies and norms.
The wrong way to manage underperformance
As an HR Advisor at CharlieHR, I’ve helped many customers course correct performance management processes that were putting their company at risk.
These are the most common mistakes we’ve seen when it comes to performance management:
- Procrastinating instead of facing performance problems head-on. You’ve noticed a team member is falling behind — still you’re reluctant to face the issue. Maybe you hope you will be proved wrong, or that the team member in question will get back on track without your direct intervention. However, the longer you wait, the more the issue will escalate into something that could potentially hurt your business.
- Failing to identify the root causes of underperformance: if you don’t find the reason behind poor performance, you won’t be able to solve the problem in a way that’s fair on your employee and effective in the long term. And you’re likely to fall into the same problem all over again.
- Letting the performance issue build up until it gets to such a point that dismissing the team member seems the only way out.
- If you haven’t given the dismissed employee a chance to improve their performance and get back on track, you’ll risk legal action for unfair dismissal.
- As an outcome, having to spend time and resources on re-hiring for that role.
If you recognise yourself in any of these stages, you are still able to course correct. In the next section, we will walk you through the steps you should follow to get ahead of performance issues in a way that is compliant and fair on your team.
The 3 steps to tackling underperformance — the right way
Every performance issue is different and should be addressed on a case-by-case basis. However, there are three steps you should always follow if you want to get to the bottom of the problem:
1. Find the cause behind underperformance
2. Tackle the root cause of underperformance
3. Set up the right appraisal processes to prevent future performance problems
Managing underperformance correctly is key if you want to build a culture where people can thrive and deliver their best results:
- You’ll be able to make fair and rational decisions backed by facts, not emotions.
- Your team will be more motivated, knowing you recognise and reward hard work fairly.
- Your business will be protected from unfair dismissal charges and subsequent legal actions.
Step 1. Finding the cause behind underperformance
Most companies look at underperformance as a problem in itself, while in most cases it’s just the tip of the iceberg.
If someone in your team has been missing targets, or their work standards have declined, you have the responsibility to look into why that is:
- Do they know what’s expected of them?
- Are they receiving regular feedback from their manager?
- Are they motivated and happy with their role and their career prospects?
- Do they have all the resources they need to do their best work?
- Have they had all the training and mentoring they need to meet expectations?
- Are there any personal problems or circumstances that may have negatively impacted their productivity recently?
When going through the possible reasons behind underperformance, you have to make sure you look at them as objectively as possible — you must remove from the process any bias you may have about your member of staff.
In this sense, it can be particularly useful to have someone external from the company (ideally a Human Resources expert) to help you achieve this.
With Charlie’s HR Advice, you get a dedicated advisor to look after your specific case and help you:
- Paint an impartial picture of the situation, one that’s unbiased and free from workplace politics.
- Clarify any doubts with your team member in a purposeful and understanding way, asking the right questions on a regular basis to find out why they’re struggling.
- Identify and define the underlying problem that’s causing your team member to underperform.
This process is key to solving your performance problem in a way that’s rational, compliant and fair on your team.
"How someone does their work is just as important as the work they do – and you owe it to your team to help them become better at that." Ben Gateley CEO & Co-Founder at CharlieHR
Step 2. Tackle the root cause behind performance problems
It’s important to stress that the objective of that initial research stage is not to find a reason to dismiss your team member. As an employer, you have the responsibility to do anything that’s in your power to help them improve their own performance.
So, once you’re sure you know what’s causing your team member to underperform, you’ll have to tackle that root cause and help them get back on track.
This, of course, will mean different things depending on the problem you’ve identified.
If you’ve never gone through a performance improvement process before, you may want to have an HR advisor help you ensure that:
- Your efforts are truly effective and will have a sustainable impact on your employee’s performance.
- The process you follow will protect you from any eventual legal actions, in case you find that dismissing your team member is inevitable.
These are some of the ways we help our HR Advice customers tackle the issues that are causing an employee to underperform:
- We list all the steps you should take to help your team member improve their performance. These may include:
- Simply giving them a gentle nudge and some actionable feedback
- Improving the interpersonal feedback exchange between manager and employee.
- Setting up ad-hoc training.
- Offering flexible working arrangements or mental health support.
- Creating a comprehensive Performance Improvement Plan.
- We make sure you only dismiss people when it’s strictly necessary and when it’s the right thing to do from a legal point of view.
- Whatever solution we identify together, your advisor will guide you through the process from start to finish.
What is a Performance Improvement Plan (PIP)?
A Performance Improvement Plan (PIP), as set out by ACAS, is a formal document outlining any performance issues as well as the goals a team member has to achieve to meet performance standards and become a high performer.
It usually includes a list of assessment criteria and a timeline, by the end of which the employee is expected to have met all the improvement goals. If the performance goals aren’t met, this will likely result in a formal action or dismissal.
As the employer, it is your responsibility to provide all the tools and training your underperforming employee needs to meet their PIP goals. You also must ensure that line managers are trained on how to run performance improvement action plans in a way that’s fair and objective.
Our HR Advisors can help you create a PIP that is bespoke to your and your team member’s needs. This includes:
- Providing you with a personalised PIP template and advice on how to get to an agreed plan.
- Writing specific, relevant and measurable goals to track the improvement in your team member’s performance.
- Defining a timeframe for their PIP, including how often you will check on your employee’s progress.
- Professional advice on how to assess your team member’s performance and development needs throughout and at the end of their PIP, including any learning outcomes.If your team member’s performance hasn’t improved at the end of their PIP, we’ll help you go through a fair and compliant disciplinary action, or any disciplinary procedures needed.
Step 3. Preventing performance issues from happening again
Whatever the outcome of this performance improvement process, you’ll want to make sure you won’t need to go through it again.
From our experience of helping customers at Charlie, we found that, in a striking majority of cases, underperformance problems are caused by long-standing issues in the way companies manage performance processes, hiring and probation periods.
As much as a daunting task, if you perfect these three processes and agree on a course of action, you’ll be very unlikely to have performance problems in the future.
“In order to actually effect action, people need a specific and clear understanding of the behaviours we’re asking them to adopt.” Sara Mirza, HR Advisor at CharlieHR
Setting up the right performance appraisal processes for your company
A large percentage of performance problems are caused by not having good appraisal processes in place.
- Do your team members have a clear understanding of what is expected of them?
- Do they know what level of performance they should achieve to progress in their roles?
- Do they have regular conversations with their managers to check on their progress and exchange performance feedback?
- Do you offer them clear touchpoints where they can expect a pay raise or promotion? Have you helped them build their own personal development plan?
If you’re unsure about any of the above, that means you’re not giving your team what they need to do their best work — no surprise they’re underperforming!
Rethinking the way you manage performance and progression at your company can be very hard work — but also extremely rewarding for your team and your business, once you get it right.
If you don’t have experience building appraisal processes, and can’t afford a full-time HR hire, you can get unlimited and personalised support for only £299 per month with Charlie’s HR Advice.
Your dedicated HR advisor can help you:
- Understand what type of appraisal process is right for your company — is it monthly check-ins, quarterly reviews, 360 feedback?
- Set up an efficient performance review process with Charlie’s Reviews. They’ll walk you through how to use our reviews software to make meaningful 1-1 conversations happen, even when remote.
- Build a progression framework to give your team a clear idea of what their career could look like in your company. This includes:
- The possible roles and titles across the business
- Which roles each team member can progress to
- What someone has to do to progress to each role
Building a solid and fair hiring process
Hiring the wrong person for the job will almost certainly result in performance problems in the long run.
Charlie’s HR advisors can help you find and fix any flaws in your current hiring process — so you’re sure you always hire the right candidate.
In particular, they’ll help you:
- Decide what stages to include in your hiring process, depending on your team size and on the seniority of the roles you’re hiring for.
- Set up an efficient selection process to test candidates’ skills and their affinity with your company culture.
- Avoid bias in your hiring process, so that you always pick the right candidate and build a diverse and inclusive team.
Need to revamp your hiring process?
Using probation periods effectively
At Charlie, we like to think about probation periods as extended interviews. This is your chance to check if a new joiner can perform at the standard they’ve been hired for. And it’s their chance to ensure they like the way you work and are comfortable with what’s expected of them.
As HR advisors, we often see companies having serious performance issues as a result of not making the most of probation periods.
As part of our HR Advice service, we can help you avoid that. Your advisor will tell you:
- What to look for during probation periods — how to spot any warning signs and how to test your new team member’s skills and motivation.
- What type of check-ins to do during probation periods and what questions to ask.
- How to give constructive feedback to help your new joiner start off on the right foot.
Not sure how to make the most of probation periods?
Getting performance right — so your team can thrive
Far from being your employees’ problem, performance is something you are responsible for — you have the power and liability to make it right. And it’s a big responsibility.
How you deal with underperformance will have a huge impact on the morale and wellbeing of your team, and on the future of your business.
It’s at times like these that you need expert advice.
You can also browse our blog posts about performance management.